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Pre-Inca period

First inhabitants of Peru were nomad hunters who lived in caverns in the regions of the Peruvian coast. The oldest site, the cavern Pikimachay, date from 12.000 BC Cotton, corn, beans and peppers were cultivated since the year 4.000 BC; later, the most advanced cultures as the Chavin, introduced fishing, agriculture and religion to the country. In the years 300 BC, the Chavin disappeared in an unexplainable way but through the centuries many other cultures - the Nazca, Paracas and Wari became very important.